GABBRO


Gabbro is an intrusive rock formed when molten rock is trapped beneath the land surface and cools into a hard, coarsely crystalline mass. It is the intrusive equivalent to basalt. Minnesota's best examples of gabbro are in the part of the 1.1 billion year old Midcontinent rift exposed in the large hills at Duluth, known as the Duluth Complex. The rock is dense, dark-colored and contains varied percentages of the minerals plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine. The Duluth Complex contains extensive, but relatively low-grade deposits of copper, nickel, and platinum group elements. None are currently being mined.